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Mortgages Explained

Buying a home is likely to be the largest purchase you’ll make in your life and the mortgage process can sometimes seem quite confusing. Here, we’ll try to simply and clearly outline all the information you’ll need and what the overall mortgage process entails when purchasing your new home.

General

What is a Mortgage?

A mortgage is a loan taken out for the specific purpose of buying a home. You borrow money from your mortgage provider and pay it back over a pre-agreed term with interest included.

What’s the difference between a Mortgage and another Loan?

The difference between a mortgage and most other types of loan is that the mortgage is secured against your home. This means that if you don’t keep up the repayments on your mortgage, we are legally entitled to repossess your home and sell it to recoup the money we have lent out to you.

When you apply for a mortgage, we carefully check your income and expenditure using an Affordability Assessment to make sure you can comfortably afford the repayments on the mortgage product you are applying for.

What type of Mortgages do we offer?

There are two main types of mortgages which we offer at Progressive: Repayment and Interest-only.

With a Repayment mortgage, your monthly repayment includes both interest and some of the capital you have borrowed. In the early stages of your mortgage, the monthly repayment will comprise of mainly interest along with a small amount of capital. However, as time goes by the amount of capital you repay each month will gradually increase, until you have completely repaid your mortgage by the end of the agreed term.

With an Interest-only mortgage, you only repay interest each month and then pay off the whole of the capital amount borrowed at the end of the mortgage term.

Interest-only is not available on some mortgage products and is restricted by the amount you borrow.

What are the different types of Interest Rate?

Standard Variable Rate (SVR)

As the name implies, this is our standard mortgage rate.

Most people will take advantage of one of our special mortgage rates whether Fixed or Variable, when applying for a mortgage with us. Once the initial rate period of your Fixed or Variable rate product ends, the SVR is the rate your mortgage will automatically revert to. For that reason, the Standard Variable Rate is also sometimes referred to as the ‘reversion rate’.

The SVR is variable: which means it can go up or down depending on external market factors. At Progressive Building Society we set our own rate, which does not track the Bank of England Base Rate, so despite what you may hear on the news about interest rates going up or down, our rate may not correlate.

If our rate is going to change and you have a Standard Variable Rate mortgage, we will always write to you to let you know beforehand.

Pros: A simple and straightforward rate that may fall from time to time.

Cons: The interest rate may also rise so you’ll need to ensure your budget could cope should monthly payments increase.

Fixed Rate

This means your mortgage rate is set and won’t change for an agreed period of time. Typical Fixed Rate terms are 2, 3 or 5 years although other options may also be available.

At the end of your Fixed Rate period your mortgage rate will revert to our current Standard Variable Rate.

Pros: Fixed rates make budgeting more straightforward as you know your monthly mortgage repayments won’t change during the Fixed Rate period.

Cons: As the rate of interest you pay is fixed, if our Standard Variable Rate falls you won’t benefit from lower repayments during the term of your product. You will also have to pay an Early Repayment Charge if you want to repay a significant amount (typically more than 10%) or your entire loan during the Fixed Rate period.

Variable Discounted Rate

This type of mortgage product offers a discount from our Standard Variable Rate for a set period.

At the end of the discounted rate period your mortgage will revert to our current Standard Variable Rate.

Pros: For a set period, your mortgage repayments will be lower than if they’d been calculated using our Standard Variable Rate alone. If the SVR falls so too will your mortgage rate.

Cons: If the SVR rises, so will your discounted rate.  You may also have to pay an Early Repayment Charge if you want to repay a significant amount (typically more than 10%) or your entire loan during the Variable Discounted Rate period.

Mortgage terms

How long can you have a mortgage for?

Many borrowers will opt for a 25-year term, but you can choose to take your mortgage over anything from 6 years to 40 years!

There are some things to consider though:

 A shorter term means you’ll repay your mortgage sooner and pay less interest. However, your monthly repayments will be higher so you’ll need to make sure you can afford them, especially if your mortgage rate was to rise.

A longer term means your monthly repayment will be lower but the total amount of interest you will repay over the full term will be higher so you will end up paying more overall.

You also need to be careful that the longer term doesn’t risk your mortgage running into your retirement when your income may fall significantly.

A Clear Look at Costs Involved

Valuation Fees

We will carry out a valuation of the property you wish to purchase to make sure it provides us with adequate security against the mortgage you are applying for.

We have a set scale of valuation fees available on our website, and in branch. Please visit our contact us section to find details of your nearest branch

Please note: The valuation is for our purposes only and it is not intended to give you an indication of the condition of the house. If you need further information about your home, you will need to instruct a surveyor (see below).

Survey Fees

It’s wise to instruct a qualified Surveyor, who should ideally be registered with the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) to undertake an independent survey of your home. 

They will be able tell you about the condition of the property and if there are any structural issues you need to be aware of, especially if the house if older, so you know exactly what you’re buying.

A little outlay now could save you a significant expense in the long run.

Conveyancing Fees

You’ll need either a Solicitor or a registered Conveyancer to look after all the legal work involved with applying for a mortgage. If you don’t already have a Solicitor, we can help you find one and give you an idea of what they charge for the services they provide.

Your Solicitor will work on your behalf to represent your interests as well as preparing and checking all the legal paperwork. They will also carry out searches to ensure no local factors will impact your house, such as other nearby building work or plans to build new roads.

Stamp Duty Land Tax

Stamp duty is another of the costs and fees you need to consider when saving up for your home.

 Stamp duty is a Government tax which applies depending on the purchase price of your property. Find out if you would have to pay Stamp Duty on the property you’re interested in buying at www.gov.uk (type ‘stamp duty’ into the search box).

Insurances; the right cover, the right price

Buildings insurance

This provides cover against damage to the structure of your home from incidents such as flooding, fire, subsidence or a major accident like an explosion. You need to ensure there is sufficient insurance in place to cover the complete rebuilding of your home. The rebuild cost can vary considerably from the purchase price and the valuer will confirm the rebuild cost when carrying out the valuation. It will be a condition of your mortgage that you have buildings insurance in place for your property.

Contents insurance

Dependent upon the level of cover you choose, you can protect everything within your home and garden, such as all your personal possessions. There are many different levels of cover available and you usually have the option to insure some items such as bicycles, cameras and jewellery when you're away from home.

Most insurers will give you the option to take out a combined Buildings & Contents policy, which is generally more cost-effective.

The Society has a strong relationship with AXA who have branches across Northern Ireland. If you require Buildings or Buildings & Contents insurance we will be happy to make an introduction to AXA on your behalf. AXA will then provide you with a no obligation quotation to meet your insurance needs.

Put the right cover in place to help protect your happy place.

Life Insurance

How would your loved ones manage if the worst happened to you?

This provides cover should you pass away during the term of your mortgage and can be arranged so that it pays out the outstanding balance on your mortgage.

You can also arrange cover against critical illness and loss of income. 

The Society can make a referral for these scenarios

Other Fees

In exceptional circumstances, there may be additional fees associated with your mortgage application. For example, you may need a specialist survey carried out such as a Tree survey or a Bat Survey, depending on where your property is situated.

 

No two properties or mortgage applications are the same, so we’ll walk you through each step that’s relevant for you.

Other Information

What income and expenditure do I need to declare?

It’s extremely important to be upfront and honest when declaring all your income and expenditure so we can get a true picture of what you can comfortably afford. Your net monthly income, basic essential and commited expenditure and basic quality of living costs will all be required.

It’s in everyone’s interest to accurately assess affordability, so you don’t come across difficulties repaying your mortgage in the future.

What’s more, withholding information or deliberately misleading a mortgage lender is classed as fraud and is a criminal offence.

What should I do if I have difficulty repaying my mortgage?

The first and most important thing to do is to tell us.

If you are having financial difficulties, which may cause you to struggle with your monthly mortgage repayments, we will do everything we can to help you manage your repayments and avoid putting your home at risk.

We may be able to restructure monthly repayments for a short period to help you get back on your feet.

Please don’t ignore the problem and hope it goes away.

If you need help, talk to us today on 02890 821853

Speak to our team today

We’d love to talk you through the mortgage process and help you find a suitable product. For more information or to apply, you can call us, email us, pop into one of our 12 branches. We look forward to hearing from you.

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